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|این ماه (میلادی)||939|
|نمونه سوالات IELTS Writing Academic Task1|
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London Underground station passengers
Underground Station Passengers Numbers
The graph shows the fluctuation 1 in the number of people at a London underground station over the course of a day.
The busiest time of the day is in the morning .There is a graph increase 2 between 06:00 and 08:00,with 400 people using the station at 8 o'clock . After this the number drop 3 quickly to less than 200 at 10 o'clock .Between 11 am and 3pm the number rises , with a plateau of just under 300 people using the station .
In the afternoon ,numbers decline 4, with less than 100 using the station at 4 pm . There is then a rapid 5 rise 6 to a peak 7 of 380 at 6 pm. After 7 pm, numbers fall significantly 8 ,with only a slight increase again at 8 pm, tailing off 9 after 9 pm.
Overall 10 ,the graph shows that the station is most crowded in the early morning and early evening periods.
1. fluctuation: vacillation, instability, change
2.increase: to become larger
3.drop: fall, go down
4.decline: go down decrease
5.rapid: quick, fast
6.rise: move upward
7.peak: top, summit
9.Tail off: to reduce in amount , become lower in level
10.Overall: in general , generally
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North American Fish Catch
Annual fish catch (millions of tonnes):North America
North American fisheries have been in severe decline since the late 1980s, with at least one-third of all species overfished.
North American fish catchers
The graph shows changes in fish catches for the US and Canada over the last 30 years.
The most significant feature is that fish catches have declined drastically in both the US and Canada since the mid-1980s.Although Canadian production is much lower ,its echoes US figures, declining or increasing at the same rate.
Between 1972 and 1977, US fish catches averaged between 2.5 and 2.75 million tonnes per year, while Canadian landings fluctuated between 800,000 and 1.1 million tonnes .In 1997, however , there was a big increase in fish caught in the US, this rise continued up to a peak of 5.5 million tonnes in 1987 . During the same period , Canada 's catch increased from 1 million tonnes to 1.5 million tonnes, an increase of 50%.
From 1987 onwards , there was a sudden decline in both countries .US figures tumbled 1 to 4 million tonnes in 1995 , a drop of 28% , and Canadian catches plunged 2 to 0.5 million tonnes , a drop of 66%. In the following four years , US catches fluctuated around the 4 million tone mark , while Canadian catches rose very slightly.
In general, both Canadian and the much larger US catch have declined dramatically 3 since their peak in the mid -1980s.
1.tumble : to fall quickly
2.plunge : to move or fall suddenly
3.dramatically : suddenly or obviously
Heart Attacks by Age and Gender, USA
The graph shows how age and gender influence the frequency of heart attacks in the US.
Less than 6% of all heart attacks occur in the 29-44 age group .The number of women who suffer heart attacks in this group is negligible 1 -only 3000 per year ,compared to 123,000 men.
However the proportion 2 of men and women with heart attacks rises dramatically 3 between 45 and 64, with over half a million per year. Over 420,000 men a year in this age group have heart attacks .The incidence amongst women increases - women have one heart attack for every three men in this age group.
Over the age of 65 , the number of men suffering heart attacks only increases slightly . However there is a huge increase in the number of women with heart attacks –they comprise over 40% of all victims.
In conclusion , men are more likely to be the victims of heart attacks at all ages, but women are increasingly likely over the age of 65.
1.negligible : too small in amount
2.proportion : amount, size
3.dramatically : suddenly or obviously
Fertility Rates (Births per Woman) in Persian Gulf Countries, 1990-2000
The chart shows striking 1 changes in the fertility rate of women in six Persian Gulf countries –Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Oman ,Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain between 1990 and 2000.
In the ten year period , there was a decline 2 in the number of births per woman in all countries . The biggest decline were in two countries which had low fertility rates at the start of the decade, Bahrain and the UAE.
Fertility rates vary greatly 3 between the six countries . Oman and Saudi Arabia had the highest rates, with over seven births per woman in 1990.this compared with around 4 births per woman in Bahrain and the UAE, and just 3.75 in Kuwait.
By 2000, the rate had fallen below three births per woman in Kuwait ,Bahrain and UAE, with a drop of over 25% in a decade in the UAE . However , in Saudi Arabia and Oman ,the rates fell by just 20% from 7.0 to 5.5.
In summary 4 , there were major decreases in birth rates in all countries ,but some countries in the region have double the fertility rate of others.
1.striking : more attractive than usual
2.decline: decrease, go down
3.greatly: very much extremely
4.in summary: in brief
Oil Production Capacity (estimated)
Oil Production Capacity
The graph shows oil production capacity in millions of barrels per day for selected Gulf countries .There are several features 1 in this graph.
The most significant feature is that oil production will increase sharply 2 in almost all the countries shown. Kuwait and Iraq are both expected to double 3 their output between 1990 and 2010, with Kuwait 's production rising from 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) in 1990 to 3.8 in 2010.Iran will also increase its output by a slightly 4 smaller amount .After remaining steady at 2.5 million bpd from 1990 to 2000 , the UAE 's output is expected to approach 5 4.0 million bpd in 2010.only Qatar 's production is predicted to fall, back to 0.8 million bpd after a slight rise in 2000.
However , the greatest increase will be from Saudi Arabia . In 1990, its output capacity at 8.5 million bpd exceeded 6 the combined production of Iran ,Iraq and Kuwait. This lead is expected to continue with a 75% increase in production to 14.5 million bpd 2010.
In summary ,while most of the countries are expected to show increases, Saudi Arabia will maintain7 and strengthen 8 its position as the major producer.
3.expected to double: anticipated becoming twice
4.slightly : alittle
5.approach: to come near
6. . exceed: to be greater than a number or amount , go beyond
7.maintain: sustain, keep in existence
8.strengthen: make strong
US Spending Patterns, 1966-1996
US Spending Patterns 1966-1996
The pie charts show changes in American spending patterns between 1966 and 1996.
Food and cars made up 1 the two biggest items of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised 2 over half of household spending .Food accounted for 3 44% of spending in 1966, but this dropped by two thirds to 14%in 1996.However, the outlay on cars doubled ,rising from 23%in 1966 to 45%in 1996.
Other areas changed significantly . Spending on eating out doubled , climbing from 7% to 14% . The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically 4 , up from 1% in 1996 to 10% in 1996.However, as computer expenditure rose , the percentage of outlay 5 on books plunged 6 from 6% to 1%.
Some areas remained relatively 7 unchanged .Americans spent approximately 8 the same amount of salary on petrol and furniture in both years.
In conclusion , increased amounts spent on cars , computers , and eating out were made up for 9 by drops in expenditure on food and books.
1.make up sth : to form amount or number as a whole
2.comprise: include, be composed of
3.account for : to form the total of something
4.dramatically: suddenly or obviously
6.plunge: to fall suddenly
9:make up for something : compensate
Total Graduate by Level
Higher College Graduates
The charts show student enrolment by gender and level in different colleges of the Higher Colleges of Technology colleges in the UAE.
There are clear differences in male and female enrolment . Females outnumber 1 men in all colleges , with almost 25% more students in Dubai Women's college than in Dubai Men's . Ras Al-Khaimah Women's college has almost 180 students , compared to only 100 in the Men 's college
Females also outnumber males by level , with almost double the number of men at Higher Diploma level (330 compared to 181). Only at Diploma level does the number of men slightly exceed that of women.
Over half the students are in Certificate level , with less than a quarter at Higher Diploma or Bachelor level.
In conclusion 2 , most students in the Higher Colleges are enrolled at Diploma level or below , and the majority 3 of students are women.
1.outnumber: exceed in number
2.in conclusion: in result
3. majority : greater part or number
UAE Moves Ahead in Health, Education
January 22, 2003
The graphs show health and education spending and changes in life expectancy 1 and infant 2 mortality 3 in the UAE. Overall, as the percentage spent on health and education increases , infant mortality and life expectancy improve.
Graph 1 shows the percentage of GDP 4 spent on health and education between 1985 and 1993 . There were big increases in both areas. Health spending stood at about 8%in 1985 but rose to 9% in 1990 and 10% in 1993. Spending on education was even higher. It was 10% in 1985, and shot up 5 to 14% in 1990 and 15% in 1993, a 50% increase in just 8 years.
Graph 2 shows improvements in life expectancy and infant mortality between 1970 and 1992. Life expectancy was just 60 in 1970 but rose to almost 72 in 1992.In contrast 6 , the number of babies dying dropped dramatically , from 60 per 1000 in 1970 to only 22 in 1992.
In conclusion, people in the UAE are living longer and healthier lives because of the government 's spending on education and medical facilities.
3.mortality:rate of death
4. GDP: ABBREVIATION for Gross Domestic Product ,the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year
5.shoot up : to increase
6.in contrast: in compare
Fast Food UK; Quantity
Consumption of Fast Food in the UK in Grams per week ,1970 to 1990
The graph shows changes in the amount of fast food consumed in the UK between 1970 and 1990. Several trends are apparent . First, Brintons are eating more and more fast food . Secondly, the type of fast food has changed.
In 1970, the most popular fast food was fish and chips. Over 300g were consumed each week. By 1990,however, this had fallen to just over 200g-a50% drop. Consumption of other fast foods such as pizza and hamburgers increased , however. The amount of pizza eaten shot up from about 20 g a week to more than 270g, overtaking fish and chips in the late 1980s.Hamburgur consumption also increased ,rising from about 80g in 1970 to almost 300g in 1990.
Accompanying this change in the choice of foods was an increase in the amount of fast foods consumed. In 1970,British consumers ate about 450g a week of fast food. In 1990, on the other hand, this had more than doubled , to 1000g.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows estimated world literacy rates by region and by gender for the year 2000.
You should write at least 150 words.
In this report I will describe a bar1 chart 2 that shows the estimated 3 world illiteracy rates4 by gender and region for the year 2000.
2.chart: graph, diagram
3.estimated: calculated approximately
4.rate: ratio, proportion between two things
6.relatively: comparatively, not completely
1. .account for : to form the total of something
2. .approach: to come near
3. .approximately: nearly
1. bar: rod
1. .chart: graph, diagram
2. .comprise: include, be composed of
1. .decline: decrease, go down
2. .dramatically : suddenly or obviously
3. .drop: fall, go down
1. .estimated: calculated approximately
2. . exceed: to be greater than a number or amount , go beyond
3. expected to double: anticipated becoming twice
.feature: shape 1
2. . fluctuation: vacillation, instability, change
1. .greatly: very much extremely
1. .in conclusion: in result
2. .in contrast: in compare
3. .increase: to become larger
4. .in summary: in brief
1. .maintain: sustain, keep in existence
2. . majority : greater part or number
3. make up for something : compensate
4. .make up sth : to form amount or number as a whole
1. negligible : too small in amount
1. .outlay: expended money
2. .outnumber: exceed in number
3. .Overall: in general , generally
1. .peak: top, summit
2. .plunge : to move or fall suddenly
3. .proportion : amount, size
1. .rapid: quick, fast
2. .rate: ratio, proportion between two things
3. .rise: move upward
1. .sharply: suddenly
2. shoot up : to increase
3. .significantly: remarkably
4. .striking : more attractive than usual
5. .slightly : a little
6. .strengthen: make strong
1. .Tail off: to reduce in amount , become lower in level
2. .tumble : to fall quickly